Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds, to Him belong the endowments and proper commendations. May Allah raise the rank of our Master Muhammad sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam and his kind Al and Companions and protect his nation from what he fears for it.
Allah has identified for us signs which serve to indicate the approach of the Day of Judgment. There are minor signs and major signs. The minor indications, are what take place first and as the time draws closer to the Day of Judgment; the major indications will follow the minor signs. These chain of minor signs will not happen in a short span of time, they are expected to continue prevailing over thousands of years leading into the time when major signs will begin to appear one after the other in a short span of time. Life on earth will suddenly end with a magnificent blow.
The fact that the time of the Day of Judgment is concealed from all was made apparent when Angel Jibril visited the Prophet and his Companions. The scholar, Imam Muslim related that Angel Jibril approached Prophet Muhammad sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam one day in the form of a man and sat himself amongst the companions who were gathered with the Prophet. He asked the prophet a few questions for the purpose of extending knowledge about Islam to the companions. One of the questions he asked was, “Tell me about the day of Judgment?” The Prophet replied the meaning of: “I don’t know any more about it than you do.” By this the Prophet meant both angel Jibril and he knew nothing about the destined time of the Day of Judgment. Jibril then asked, “Then tell me about the signs of the Day of Judgment?” The Prophet sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, replied with what means, “The Day of Judgment will arrive after the girls will harm the mothers immensely, they would treat them as if they were their slaves, and the peasants along with the shepherds who were once known to be both bear foot and poor, will be wealthy enough to build tall buildings.”
These are among the minor signs, and it’s been stated by some Islamic scholars that these are some of the minor signs and have already prevailed.
Some other minor indications are; some mountains will be demolished from their bases, people will announce their claim to Prophethood, earthquake occurrences will increase, as well as a population of deceivers and misleaders – among them will be the preachers of corruption, diseases unfamiliar to society will spread, detectable changes to the weather conditions and a widespread of events of killings and injustice will take place, a speedy elapse of time, whereby a year would seem like a month and a month would seem like a week and so on will be experienced also the case will be, the close distances between shopping centers. In addition, other nations will take advantage of the fortunes of the Muslim nation, as one would take advantage of a delicious banquet of food, whilst they surround them from all directions. All of these indications are known to have already prevailed.
Among the last of the small signs yet to happen is the appearance of our Master al-Mahdiyy. This was mentioned by the Prophet in a hadith:
«لا تقومُ السّاعَةُ حتى يَملِكَ النَاسَ رجلٌ من أهلِ بيتي يواطىءُ اسمُهُ اسمي واسمُ أبيهِ اسمَ أبي فيملؤها – أي الأرض- قِسطًا وعدلاً»
It means: “The Day of Judgment will occur only after a man from my descendants comes forth. His name is like mine and his father’s name is like my father’s name. He will fill the earth with peace and justice as it had been congested with corruption and injustice.”