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قال عليه الصلاةُ والسلام: " واليَوْمِ الآخِرِ ":  وهو يوم القيامة ويَجِبُ الإيمانُ بِهِ، اللهُ أَعَدهُ يجمع به الناس، متى يكون يوم القيامة؟ اللهُ ما أطْلَعَ  أحد، جبريل سَأَلَ النبيِّ: متى الساعة؟ فقال: ما المسئولُ عنها بأعلَمَ مِنَ السَائِلِ، معناه نحن مشتركانِ في هذا الأمرِ وهو عدمُ المعرفةِ بميقاتِ الساعةِ. قال: فأخبرني عن إماراتها (أي عَلاَمَاتِها) فقالَ: «أن تَلِدَ الأمةُ رَبَّتَهَا – أي سَيّدَتَها – وأن تَرَى الحفاةَ العُراةَ العالَةَ رِعاءَ الشَاءِ يَتطاولونَ في البنيانِ» وهذا حصل. وهذه من العلامات الصغرى فإن الساعة لها علامات صُغرى وعلامات كبرى، فالذي ورد في الحديث المذكور هو من العلامات الصغرى وقد قال بعض العلماء أنها حصلت.

ومِنَ العَلامَاتِ الصُغرى أيضًا: زَوالُ جِبَالٍ عن مَراسيهَا وكَثرَةُ الزَّلازلِ وكثرةُ الأمراضِ التي ما كانَ يعرفها النّاسُ سَابِقًا, وكثرةُ الدَّجالينَ وخُطباءُ السُّوءِ وقد حَصَلَ ذلكَ. ومنهَا ادّعاءُ أُناسٍ النّبوةَ وقد حَصَلَ هذا أيضّا, وتَغيُّرُ أحوالِ الهواءِ في الصيفِ يَصيرُ كأنهُ في الشتاءِ وفي الشتاءِ يَصيرُ كأنهُ في الصَيفِ, وكذلك قِلَّةُ العِلم وكَثرَةُ الجَهلِ أي الجَهلِ بعِلمِ الدينِ وهذا قد حَصَلَ, وكَثرةُ القَتلِ والظُّلمِ, وتَقَارُبُ الزَّمانِ, وتقاربُ الأسواقِ, وتداعي الأُمَمِ عَلىَ أُمّةِ محمّدٍ كتداعيهِم على قَصعةِ الطَّعَامِ يُحيطونَ ِبِهم مِنْ كُلّ صوبٍ, وهذا كُلُّه حَصَلَ أيضّا.


The Messenger of Allah sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam said: “The Last Day”. It is the Day of Judgment, it is obligatory to believe in it. Allah ta^ala prepared it to assemble people on that day. When is the Day of Judgment? Only Allah knows when it will be. Allah ta^ala  did not reveal that to any one. When Jibril asked the Prophet: When would the day of Judgment be? The Prophet sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam said: “The One who is being asked about it does not know more than the one who has asked about it. It means that we are both common in not knowing about when the Day of Judgment will be. Jibril asked the Prophet about its signs and the Prophet said when the slave woman gives birth to her female owner and when the bare foot shepherds construct high rise buildings. These signs have already occurred. These are among the minor signs for the occurrence of the Day of Judgment has minor and major signs. What was mentioned in the hadith is about the minor signs, some of the scholars said that it had already happened.

Some other minor signs are:

The mountains will be demolished from their bases, the occurrence of many earthquakes, the occurrence of many illnesses previously unknown, people will falsely claim Prophethood,  the occurrence of many deceivers and misleaders – among them will be the preachers of corruption,  detectable changes to the weather conditions and a widespread of events of killings and injustice will take place, a speedy elapse of time whereby a year would seem like a month and a month would seem like a week and so on will be experienced, the various market places will be close to one another in distance.  In addition, other nations will take advantage of the fortunes of the Muslim nation, as one would take advantage of a delicious banquet of food, whilst they surround them from all directions. All of these indications are known to have already occurred.


ومنها ظُهورُ المَهديُ عليه السّلامُ, وهُوَ ثابتٌ في الحَديثِ الصّحيحِ الذي رواه ابن حبّانَ في صَحيحِهِ والَلفظُ لَهُ, وأبو دَاودَ في سُنِنهِ والترمذيُّ في جَامِعِه وِالحَاكِمُ في المُستدرَكِ مِنَ حَديثِ عَبدِ اللهِ بِنِ مسعودٍ رضي الله عنه عن رسولِ الله صلى الله عليه وسلم أنه قال: «لا تقومُ السّاعَةُ حتى يَملِكَ النَاسَ رجلٌ من أهلِ بيتي يواطىءُ اسمُهُ اسمي واسمُ أبيهِ اسمَ أبي فيملؤها – أي الأرض- قِسطًا وعدلاً» فالمهديُّ عَليهِ السلامُ اسمُهُ محمّدُ بنُ عبد الله وهو حَسَنيٌّ أو حُسينيٌّ من ولدِ فاطمةَ رضي الله عنها, وقد وَرَدَ في الأثرِ أنه يَسيرُ مَعَهُ في أوّلِ أمرِهِ مَلَكٌ ينادي: «يّا أيها النّاسُ هذا خَليفةُ اللهِ المهديُّ فاتّبعوه», وَوَرَدَ في الأثرِ أيضًا أن المهديَّ أوّلُ ما يَخرُجُ يخرجُ من المَدينةِ ويخرجُ معه ألفٌ من الملائِكَةِ يمدُّونَهُ وينتظرهُ في مكةَ ثلاثمائةٍ من الأولياءِ هُمُ أوّلُ من يبايعهُ, ثم يخرجُ جيشٌ لغزوهِ فيَخسِفُ الله به الأرض فيما بينَ مكةَ والمدينة, بعدَ ذلك يأتي إلى بَرِّ الشَامِ. وفي أيّام المهديّ تَحصُلُ مجاعَةٌ, والـمُؤمنُ في ذلكَ الوقتِ يشبعُ بالتّسبيحِ والتّقديسِ أي بِذِكرِ الله وتعظيمِهِ, يعني المُؤمنَ الكَامِلَ.


Among the last of the minor signs yet to happen is the appearance of our Master al-Mahdiyy. This was mentioned by the Prophet in a hadith:

«لا تقومُ السّاعَةُ حتى يَملِكَ النَاسَ رجلٌ من أهلِ بيتي يواطىءُ اسمُهُ اسمي واسمُ أبيهِ اسمَ أبي فيملؤها – أي الأرض- قِسطًا وعدلاً»

It means: “The Day of Judgment will occur only after a man from my descendants comes forth.  His name is like mine and his father’s name is like my father’s name.  He will fill the earth with peace and justice as it had been congested with corruption and injustice.”

This hadith has been related by Ibn-Hibban in his book as-Sahih and by Abu Dawud in his book as-Sunnan and by at-Tirmidhiyy in his book al-Jami^ and al-Hakim in his book called al-Mustadrak, as it was in turn, related from the companion ^Abdullah Ibn Mas^ud, may Allah raise his rank, as he heard it from the Prophet, peace be upon him.

Known as al-Mahdiyy, his full name is Muhammad Ibn ^Abdillah. He will be from the descendants of either al-Hasan or al-Husayn, the sons of Fatimah, the daughter of the Prophet.

Initially, in his mission, al-Mahdiyy will be accompanied by an angel. This angel will call unto the people “Oh people he is the Caliph (Khalifah) of Allah al-Mahdiyy so follow his path.”


It was mentioned from the route of the Companions that when

al-Mahdiyy appears, he will come out from Madinah accompanied with one-thousand angels; three hundred from the awliya’ (upright Muslims) will wait for him in Makkah; they will be the first ones to pledge allegiance to him. Then an army will set forth to fight him, Allah will then make the earth cave in underneath them. After that al-Mahdiyy will come to the land of ash-Sham.

A famine will take place during the days of al-Mahdiyy; the complete believer will be satiated by mentioning the name of Allah and Glorifying Him.

وأشراطُ السّاعَةِ الكُبرى عَشَرةٌ وهي: خُروجُ الدَّجَّالِ, ونُزُولُ المَسِيحِ, وخروجُ يأجوجُ ومأجَوجَ, وطُلوعُ الشَّمس من مغرِبها, وخروجُ دابَّةِ الأرضِ, ونُزولِ الدُّخَانُ, وثَلاثةُ خَسوفٍ وخُروجِ نارٌ من قَعرِ عدن باليمنِ.

The major signs are ten, which will occur in the following order:

The Imposter (Dajjal) will emerge, Prophet ^Isa will descend from the second sky, Ya’juj and Ma’juj will come forth from their concealed place of residence, the sun will rise from the West, the Earth Dabbah (Animal) will emerge. Then a vast spread of smoke will be followed by three land slides, and the journey of great fire will originate from the deep valley of ^Adan in Yemen.

ومن علامات الساعة الكبرى ظهور رجل يقال له المسيح الدجال يظهر يَدَّعي الألوهية ويقول للنَّاس: أَنا ربكم، فيتبعه بعض النَّاس ويكون معه من الفتن الشئ الكثير، أحيانًا يَجُرُ وراءه جبل من خبز؛ هذا عيسى يقتله ويُريحُ النَّاس منهم بعد أن يكون استفاض شره بين النَّاس، الرسول حَذَرنا مِنهُ في ما ورد عنه في الدعاء: "اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَعُوذُ بِكَ من عذاب القبر ومن عذاب النار ومن فتنة المحيا والممات ومن فتنة المسيح الدجال", وَأَخبَرَ عَنهُ أَنَّهُ أعور العين كما قال صلى الله عليه وسلم: "إنَّ ربكم ليس بأعور".

Among the major signs of the Day of Judgment is the emerging of a man who is called al-Masih ad-Dajjal (Imposter) and he is also known by The one-eyed Imposter (Al-A^war ad-Dajjal), he appears and claims Godhood; he would say to people: I am your lord, some people would follow him. He brings with him much seditions (fitan). Sometimes he would pull behind him a mountain of bread. ^Isa (Jesus) would kill him and rid people of him after his evil would have spread among people.

The Messenger of Allah sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam warned us about him in the supplication (du^a’) he taught us:

"اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَعُوذُ بِكَ من عذاب القبر ومن عذاب النار ومن فتنة المحيا والممات ومن فتنة المسيح الدجال"

It means: “O Allah, I seek refuge with you from the torture of the grave, the torture of Hellfire, the seditions of life and death, and from the sedition of the Imposter Masih.”

He said about him that he is one-eyed and that “your Lord is not one-eyed.”

والأعورُ الدجالُ إنسانٌ من بني ءادمَ والظاهر أنه من بني إسرائيلَ, إحدى عينيهِ طافيةٌ كالعِنَبَةِ والأخرى مَمسوحةٌ فلذلك يقالُ لّهُ الأعورُ. وهو الآنَ مَحبوسٌ في جزيرةٍ في البَحرِ, المَلاَئكةُ حَبَسوهُ هُنَاكَ, وَهذِهِ الجَزيرةُ لَيسَت مَعروفَةً, رءاه واجتمعَ بِهِ الصَّحابيُّ تميمُ بن أوسٍ عِيَانًا, رَكِبَ ومَنْ مَعَهُ السّفينةَ فتاهَت بِهِمُ السَفينةُ شَهرًا وَبَعُدَت, ثمَّ وصلوا إِلى جزيرةٍ فاجتمعوا بِهِ مُكبَّلاً بالسّلاسِلِ, وهُوَ رجلٌ عظيمٌ جسدُهُ, كَلَّمَهم باللسانِ العربيّ قال: أَنا فُلان, وسأَلَهم عن أشياء, هل صارَ كذا, هل صارَ كذا, وسألهُم عَنْ رَسولِ اللهِ صلى اللهُ عليهِ وسلم, هل ظهرَ النبيُّ العربيُّ, ثم نَزَلَ الوحيُ على رَسولِ اللهِ بِمثلِ ما رأى هذا الصحابي من الدَّجَّال. وهذا الأعورُ الدّجالُ اللهُ تعالى ابتلاءَ مِنهُ يُظهِرُ على يَديهِ خوارقَ, ومن عَجَائِبِهِ أنه يشقُّ رَجلاً من المؤمنينَ يُكذِّبُهُ في وجههِ نصفينِ ثم يُحييهِ بإذنِ الله فَيقولُ الرجلُ الذي فُعِلَ بِهِ ذَلِكَ: لم أَزدَدْ بهذا إلا تكذيبًا لكَ, ويقولُ للسَّماءِ أمطري فتمطرُ, ويقول للأرضِ أخرجي زرعَكِ فَتُخرِجُهُ, مَعَهُ نهرانِ وَاحدٌ مِنْ نَارِ وهو بردٌ على المؤمنينَ وواحدٌ من ماءٍ وهو نارٌ عليهم. وأوّلُ ما يظهرُ الدّجال يكونُ يَومٌ كَسَنةٍ ويَومٌ كَشهرٍ ويَومٌ كأسبوعٍ, وقَبلَ ظُهورهِ بثلاثِ سنواتٍ تُمسِكُ السَمَاءُ ثُلُثَ مائها ثم بعدَ سنةٍ تمسِكُ ثُلُثَي مائها ثم قبلَ ظهورِهِ بِسَنَةٍ تمسِكُ كُلَّ مائها, ثم هذا الأعورُ الدّجّالُ يُصادِفُ نبيَّ اللهِ عيسى بِفِلَسطينَ فَيقتُلُهُ نبيُّ اللهِ عيسى هناكَ ببابِ اللُّدّ ويريحُ الناس من شره, والُّلدُّ قَريةٌ من قُرَى فلسطينَ.


Al-A^war ad-Dajjal is a human from the Children of Adam, apparently he is from the Children of Israel. He is described as having one normal eye, and the other being like a small ball bulging out, as well as being a great deceiver and liar. This is why he is also called ‘the one-eyed Imposter’, and in Arabic “A^war Ad- Dajjal”, which means the same.

Amazingly, he is now chained by angels on an island.  The whereabouts of this island is unknown to anyone. He cannot emerge before his due time.  He has been imprisoned there for a long time as it was illustrated by the incident told by a Companion of Prophet Muhammad sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam.

Tamim Ibn Aws tells that he and other Companions were sailing when their boat went astray leaving them lost in the ocean for one month. The boat was drifting deeper into the ocean when it stopped at an island. There, they were met with the one-eyed Imposter. The Companion described him to the Prophet as having a huge body and obviously knows the Arabic language, since he communicated with him in Arabic. He introduced himself to them and asked them many questions. Among his questions he asked if the prophet of an Arab origin – meaning Prophet Muhammad – has come forth yet. They said: “Yes.”  The purpose of his question was to measure the remaining term of his imprisonment before his freedom. He is aware that his release will be one of the signs indicating the approach of the Day of Judgment, which will happen in a time after the revelation of Prophet Muhammad.

Then the description of the Imposter was revealed to Prophet Muhammad sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam and it was the same as that Companion mentioned. 

He will possess extraordinary powers all given to him by Allah, the Exalted.

It has been mentioned that of the extraordinary things he will display – by the will of Allah – is that he will split a person in two halves and restore him together again. Then that person will say: This has increased my belying of you. He will also order the sky to rain, and it will do so.  He will then order the land to produce its plants, it will do so. The Imposter, will bring about two rivers, one will seem to be of fire; in reality this one will be a cool one for the believers. The other one will seem to be of water; in fact it will be fire for them.

When the Imposter first appears, a day will be as long as a year, then another day as long as a month and another as long as a week. Three years before his appearance, the sky will hold off one-third of its water, a year after it will hold off two-thirds of its water, then one year before his appearance it will hold off all of its water.

Prophet ^Isa will encounter the Imposter in Palestine and will kill him at the gate of Ludd (a village in Palestine).

ومنها نُزولُ عيسى عَلَيهِ السلام من السماء الثانيةِ إلى الأرضِ، لما ينزل يكون إشارةُ كُبرى لقيام الساعة، وفي ذلك يقولُ اللهُ تعالى: ﴿وَإِنَّهُ لَعِلْمٌ لِّلسَّاعَةِ﴾ سورة الزخرف / 61.  أَي أَنَّ نُزُولَهُ إِيذانٌ بِقُربِ السَّاعَةِ وهذا من العلامات الكبرى، جاء في حديثِ النَّبِيِّ أَنَّهُ لا تَقُومُ السَّاعَةُ حتى يهبط ابن مريم فيكم حكمًا مُقْسطًا ويحكم بالإسلام وينشره ويفيض الخير وتكثر البركة في أَيام عيسى.  روى الحاكم في المستدرك من حديث أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه أَنَّ النَّبيّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قال: " لَيَهبِطَنَّ عيسَى بنُ مريم حَكَمًا مُقْسطًا، وَلَيسلُكَنَّ فَجًا حَاجًا أو معتمرًا، وليَأْتِيَنَّ قبري حتى يسلِّم عليَّ، ولأرُدَنَّ عَلَيهِ". رواه الحاكم.

ويمكث عيسى عليه السلام أربعين عامًا ثم يُتوفى فيصلّي عليه المسلمون كما جاء في الحديث.

Among the major signs of the Day of Judgment is the descent of ^Isa from the second sky to the Earth. His descent is a major sign that the Day of Judgment is approaching. Allah said in the Qur’an:

﴿وَإِنَّهُ لَعِلْمٌ لِّلسَّاعَةِ﴾

Verse 61of Surat az-Zukhruf refers to the descent of Prophet ^Isa to Earth before the Day of Judgment. It was mentioned in the hadith of the Prophet sallallahu ^ alayhi wa sallam that ^Isa would descend to Earth before the Day of Judgment as a fair judge and will rule with Islam and would spread it.  Prosperity will engulf the land and an abundance of wealth and fortune will be at the reach of every Muslim.

Al-Hakim related that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam said:


" لَيَهبِطَنَّ عيسَى بنُ مريم حَكَمًا مُقْسطًا، وَلَيسلُكَنَّ فَجًا حَاجًا أو معتمرًا، وليَأْتِيَنَّ قبري حتى يسلِّم عليَّ، ولأرُدَنَّ عَلَيهِ"

It means: “^Isa (Jesus), the son of Maryam (Mary) will descend to earth as a ruler and a fair judge, will perform Hajj or ^Umrah, and will travel to visit my grave in order to salute me and I will return his salutation.”

^Isa, peace be upon him, would live on this earth for forty years, then he would die and the Muslims would perform the Funeral Prayer for him as mentioned in the hadith.


وكذلك من علامات الساعة ظهور يأجوجَ ومأجوجَ وهم قومٌ من البشر يخرجون إلى النَّاس بأعدادٍ كثيرةٍ فيعيثون بالأرض فسادًا، وفي أيّامهم تحصُلُ مجاعةٌ يمرّونَ على بُحيرةِ طَبَريَّا التي في فِلَسطينَ فيشربونَها, فَيمرُّ ءاخرهم فيقولُ كانَ هنا ماءٌ, ثم لمَّا ينزلُ المسيحُ عيسى عَليهِ السّلام من السمّاءِ هم يَنبهِتونَ, فلا يتجرّأُ المُسلمونَ لحربهم, فيذهبُ سيّدُنا عيسى عليه السلام والمؤمنونَ إلى جبلِ الطُّورِ يدعون الله يستغيثونَ به منهم, ويتضرعونَ إلى اللهِ أن يُهلِكَهم, فيُنزِلُ الله عليهم دُودًا يدخلُ رقبةَ كُلِّ واحدٍ منهم فيرميهِ صريعًا ميّتًا, ثم الله تعالى يُرسِلُ طيورا فتحمِلُهم وترميهم في البحرِ ثم يُنزلُ مَطرا يَجرِفُ ءاثارهم إلى البحر, وهؤلاءِ بعد أن ينزلَ سيّدنا عيسى بمدّةٍ يظهرونَ.

Also among the major signs of the approach of the Day of Judgment is the emerging of the Ya’juj and Ma’juj (Gog and Magog), who are from the humans, they come out in large numbers spreading mischief. A famine will occur during their days. They will approach a lake in Tabaraya in Palestine and drink the lake dry. When the last of them reaches the bank of the river seeking water, he will say, “There once was water here”. Prophet ^Isa and his followers also try to kill the people of Ya’juj and Ma’juj, but they will be unable to terminate all of them and free the land from their calamity. So Prophet ^Isa and the Muslims will go to the mount of at-Tur. There they will supplicate Allah to rid them from this calamity. Their supplication will be answered. Allah will swamp the people of Ya’juj and Ma’juj with worms. These worms will eat their way into their necks killing them instantly as they fall to the ground. Allah will send birds that will carry them and throw them in the sea. Heavy rain will then fall, washing the traces of the people of Ya’juj and Ma’juj into the sea ridding the earth from all the non-believers. Those people will appear sometime after Prophet ^Isa comes down to Earth.



هَذهِ الأُمورُ الثلاثَةُ: خُروجُ الدَّجَّالِ, ونُزُولُ المَسِيحِ, وخروجُ يأجوجَ ومأجَوجَ   هِيَ أَوَلُ أَشرَاطِ السّاعَةِ الكُبرى عَشَرةٌ وهي: خُروجُ الدَّجَّالِ, ونُزُولُ المَسِيحِ, وخروجُ يأجوجَ ومأجَوجَ. ثُم بَعدَ ذَلِكَ تَحصُلُ بَقيةُ العَشَرةِ وهي: طُلوعُ الشَّمس من مغرِبها, الشَمسُ كل يومٍ تستأذنُ من ربها بالشروق فيؤذنُ لها حتى يأتي ذلك اليومُ فتستأذن ربها فلا يؤذَنُ لَهَا فَتُشرِقُ من المغرِبِ وفي نَفسِ اليومِ تَخرُجُ دابَةُ الأرضِ، وَهذِهِ الدابَةُ تُكَلِمُ الناسّ وتميّزُ المؤمنَ من الكافرَ ولا أحد منهُم يَستطيعُ أن يَهرُبَ منها وقد ذكرها اللهُ تعالى في القرءان، قالَ تعالى: ﴿وَإِذَا وَقَعَ الْقَوْلُ عَلَيْهِمْ أَخْرَجْنَا لَهُمْ دَآبَّةً مِّنَ الأَرْضِ تُكَلِّمُهُمْ أَنَّ النَّاسَ كَانُوا بِئَايَتِنَا لاَ يُوقِنُونَ﴾ النمل / 82.

فَطُلوعُ الشمس من مغرِبِها وخُروجُ دابَةُ الأرضِ تَحصُلانِ في يومٍ واحدٍ بين الصُّبحِ والضُّحى, بعد ذلك لا يقبلُ الله من أحدٍ توبةً، الكافرُ إن أسلَمَ بَعدَ ذَلِكَ لا يَقبَلُ اللهُ إسلامُهُ والمُسلمُ الفاجِرُ إن تَابَ لا يَقبَلُ اللهُ توبَتَهُ، فبَابُ التوبَةِ مفتوحٌ إلى اليومِ الذي تَطلُعُ فيهُ الشمس من مغربها ويحصل خروج الدابة فيه.  

These three signs: The emerging of the Dajjal, the descend of Prophet ^Isa  from the second sky, and the coming forth of Ya’juj and Ma’juj are the first of the big signs of the approach of the Day of Judgment, after which the rest of the ten major signs will occur which will happen in the following order:



The sun will rise from the West rather than the East. Every day, the sun asks permission from Allah to rise and it will be permitted. On the day the sign is meant to occur the sun will not be permitted to rise from the east but it will rise from the west. On the same day the Animal of the Earth will emerge. That Animal of the Earth will distinguish between the believer and the blasphemer, Allah mentioned it in the Qur’an in verse 82 of Surat an-Naml:

(وَإِذَا وَقَعَ الْقَوْلُ عَلَيْهِمْ أَخْرَجْنَا لَهُمْ دَآبَّةً مِّنَ الأَرْضِ تُكَلِّمُهُمْ أَنَّ النَّاسَ كَانُوا بِئَايَتِنَا لاَ يُوقِنُونَ)

No one will be able to escape from it.

These two signs happen in one day between dawn and duha (mid morning), after that repentance will not be accepted from anybody.

Accordingly, if the blasphemer utters the Testification of Faith at that time, it will not be accepted from him. If a disobedient Muslim wanted to repent from his sins, his repentance will not be accepted.  So the door of repentance is open until the day when the sun rises from the west and when that Animal of the Earth emerges.

ثم الدُّخَانُ, ينزلُ دخانٌ ينتشرُ في الأرضِ فيكَادُ الكافرون يَموتونَ من شِدّةِ هذا الدُّخان, وأمّا المُسلمُ المؤمن يَصيرُ عَليهِ كالزُّكام, كالرشح لا يؤذيه كثيرًا إنما أثَرُ هذا الدُخانِ على المُسلِمِ كالرَّشحِ.

After this a vast spread of dense smoke will travel over the land.  This will have harmful effects on the non-believers and it will suffocate them to near death.  The Muslims on the other hand will be mildly affected showing symptoms similar to the symptoms of the common cold.



وثَلاثةُ خَسوفٍ خَسفٌ بالمشرقِ وخسفٌ بالمَغربِ وخَسفٌ بجزيرةِ العربِ, وهذه الخُسوفُ لا تأتي إلا بَعدَ خُروجِ الدَّجَّالِ ونُزولِ المَسيحِ عيسى عليه السَلام وتقَعُ في أوقاتٍ متقاربةٍ, والخسوفُ معناهُ انشقاقُ الأرضِ وبَلعُ من عليها, ويحتملُ أن تقعَ هذه الخُسُوفُ في ءانٍ واحِدٍ, ونارٌ تخرُجُ من قَعرِ عدن فتسوقُ الناسَ إلى المغربِ, وعدن أرضٌ باليمنِ، وهذه النارُ لا تنقلهم عن الأرض وإنما تمشي بطيئة لا تهبُّ هبوبَ الريحِ، الناسُ خوفًا منها يهربون من مواطنهم، من بلادهم إلى جهة المغرب.



Then there will be three major land slides. One will happen in the East, the other in the West and the third will occur in the Arabian Peninsula. They will shake the land and swallow everything on their surface.



The last of the ten major signs indicating the approach of the Day of Judgment will be a magnificent fire. This fire will erupt from the inner valley of ^Adan in Yemen and will drive the people in fear away from their countries towards the West.



ثمّ إنَّهُ بعدَ حُصولِ أَشراطِ السّاعةِ الكُبرى العَشَرةِ تَقومُ القيامةُ على الكفَّارِ, وقبلَ ذلك بمائةِ عامٍ يأتي ريحٌ تَحتَ إبطِ كُلِّ مُسلِمٍ فَيموتُ كُلُّ المسلمينَ ويبقى الكفّارُ فتقومُ القيامَةُ عليهِم, يَنفُخُ إسرافيلُ عليه السلامُ في الصّورِ أي في البوقِ فيفزعونَ من هذا الصّوتِ, فإن صوتَ نفخةِ إسرافيلَ في البوقِ هَولُهُ عظيمٌ تتقطَّعُ منه قلوبُ الكفارِ حتَّى يموتوا من شدَّةِ هذا الصَّوتِ, وكذلك الجِنُّ الكفَّارُ يموتونَ تلك الساعةَ, فلا يَبقى بشرٌ ولا جنٌّ على وجهِ الأرضِ إلا وقَد مَاتَ, وأمّا الذين ماتوا قبلَ ذلكَ من المسلمينَ والكافرينَ فيُغشَى عليهم

تِلكَ الساعةَ أي يُغمَى عليهم تلك السَّاعةَ أي يُغمَى عليهم إلا الشُّهداء أي شُهداءَ المعركةِ فلا يُغشى عليهم،  والمراد أن الأرواح يغشى عليها إذا كان بلي الجسد وكذلك الأجساد التي فيه أرواحها يُغشى عليها حتى الأنبياء يصعقون في ذلك الوقت ولكن لا يصيبهم ألمٌ، إلا الشُّهَدَاء أي شُهداءَ المعركَةِ فلا يُغشَى عليهم تلكَ السَّاعةَ، وليس معنى ذلك أن الشهداء أعلى مرتبة من الأنبياء بل جعل الله هذه المزية للشهداء ترغيبًا في الجهادِ في سبيلِ اللهِ.



Once these ten major signs take place, a soft breeze will enter under the arms of every Muslim taking their life gently. One hundred years will pass during which only the non-believers will exist on earth.  There will be no Muslim to Praise or Glorify Allah the Exalted. Only the blasphemers will stay alive to face the time when life on Earth will come to an end (Qiyamah). Angel Israfil will sound the horn. This tremendous blast will rip the hearts of the non-believers and kill all living creature on earth, including humans and jinn; no humans or jinn will stay alive.



Those Muslims and blasphemers who have died before that will lose consciousness at that time save that martyrs, who will not lose consciousness. What is meant here that if the bodies had already decayed, then the souls will lose consciousness. The bodies which will have the souls in them at that time will be shocked too even the prophets; however, they will not get any pain due to that. The martyrs will not lose consciousness at that time, this does not mean that they have higher rank than the prophets, but Allah has made that significant thing for the martyrs so that people will be encouraged to seek it.



ثم بَعدَ موتِ البِشَرِ يموتُ الملائِكَةُ, وءاخرهم موتًا عَزرائيلُ, قالَ بعضُ العلماءِ: يُستثنى خَزَنةُ الجنةَِ وخَزَنَةُ جهَّنَم وحَمََلةُ العرشِ والحُورُ والوِلدَان. ثمّ بعدَ ذلك يُحيي اللهُ إسرافيلَ الذي كانَ نَفَخَ في الصُّورِ المرّةَ الأولى, ثم يَنفُخُ مرّةً ثانيةً وذلكَ بعد أربعين عامًا فيقومُ الأمواتُ من قبورِهِم  تنشق عنهم القبور ومن تلاشت جثته الله يجمعها وكذلك من أكلته السباع لا يُستثنى أحد وهذا يسيرٌ على اللهِ قال تعالى ﴿وَنُفِخَ فِي الصُّورِ فَإِذَا هُم مِّنَ الأَجْدَاثِ إِلَى رَبِّهِمْ يَنسِلُونَ﴾ سورة يس / 51. 



After the death of the humans, the angels will die, the last of them to die would be ^Azra’il. Some scholars said: Except for the angels in charge of Paradise, the angels in charge of Hellfire, those who carry the Throne, al-Hur, and al-Wildan. After that Allah will bring Israfil back to life, who had already sounded the horn the first time, he will sound it a second time; forty years after the first one; making the dead people come out of their graves. The graves would crack open, the one whose corpse has decayed totally Allah would assemble it, also those who were eaten up by the beasts; no one will be exempted and this is an easy matter to Allah.



ثم الناس كلهم يحشرون، كلهم يجمعون في مكان واحد وكل واحد يكون بحسب حاله المؤمنون الله يجعل لهم نور ويكونوا سعداء والكفار تَسوَدُ وجوههم لأنهم ما كانوا يعتقدون بيوم القيامة، فلما يروا ذلك تكاد تتقطع قلوبهم من شدة الفزع. 

ثم بعد ذلك يحاسب العباد على أعمالهم كل ما فعله الإنسان في هذه الدنيا يحاسب عليه إن كان خيرًا أو شرًا الملائكة تخرج كتابه، كل شئ مكتوب فيه، كذلك يوم القيامة شديدٌ إلا على من هَوَّنَ اللهُ عليه فالويلُ للذي لا يؤمِنُ بِهَذا اليوم والخسران لمن لا يعد لهذا اليوم لأن الله وصفه: يوم لا ينفع مالٌ ولا بنون إلا من أتى اللهُ بِقَلبٍ سَليم. لماذا ذَكَرَ اللهُ القَلبَ أي الذي يحمل يوم القيامة في قلبه عقيدة التوحيد خاليًا من التشبيه والتعطيل.



ثم الإنسان يوم القيامة لا يستطيع أن يفر مما فعل، الله يُشهِدُ عَليهِ أعضاؤه، يده تتكلم تنطق تقول: يا رب كفر بك، والرجلُ تتكلم تقول: يا ربُ عصى بي؛ ويقول الكافرون لجلودهم: لماذا شهدتم علينا؟ فيقولون: أنطقنا الذي أنطَقَ كُلَّ شَئ.

فويلٌ لمن لا يؤمن ويعد لذلك اليوم العظيم.



Then all of the people will be assembled in one place, every one would be according to his status. Allah has made illuminations for the believers, they will be delighted. The blasphemers will have their faces turn black because they did not use to believe in the Day of Judgment, their hearts would be just about to be ripped off due to their extreme fear.

Then after that will be the Questioning (Hisab) of the slaves about their deeds. What the entire person did in this world will be brought for settlement of account, whether it was good or evil, the angels would have his book displayed for him; everything is recorded in it. The Day of Judgment is severe except for those whom Allah has made it easy for them. Woe to the one who does not believe in this day and what a loss for the one who does not prepare for it, because Allah described it as the day when no money or offspring would benefit one except those who would die with a heart clear of blasphemy. It means the one who carries the Creed of Tawhid on the Day of Judgment and is clear of likening Allah to His creations (tashbih) and from denying the existence of Allah (ta^til).



The person will not be able to run away on the Day of Judgment from what he did. Allah will make his body parts testify against him, his hand would speak, it would say: O Lord, he had blasphemed and disbelieved in You. The leg would speak, it would say: O Lord he used me to disobey you. The blasphemers would say to their skin: Why did you testify against us? They would say: The One Who made everything speak, made us speak.



So, woe to the one who does not believe and does not prepare for that great day.

 

We ask Allah to protect us and end our lives as good believers, and gather us with the Prophets and Martyrs ameen.