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Chapter of Belief

Read and print this to your kids to and let them repeat with you and memorize.



Lesson 1 I AM A YOUNG MUSLIM

I love Allah, my Creator.

I love Muhammad, my Prophet. 1]

I love the Quran, my Book.

I love the Ka^bah,[2] my Qiblah.[3]

I love Islam, my Religion.

أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لا إِلَهَ إِلاَّ الله,

وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللهِ.

Which means:

I testify[4] that no one is God except Allah, and I testify

that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.1

... TO KNOW BY HEART[5] ...

Raditu billahi Rabba,

رَضِيتُ باللهِ رَبًّا,

wa bil-Islami dina,

وَبِالإِسْلاَمِ دِيِناً

wa bi Muhammadin-nabiyya .

وَبِمُحَمَّدٍ نَبِيّاً

Which means:

I accept Allah as my Lord,

Islam as my Religion,

and Muhammad as my Prophet.( )1

Lesson 2 THE GREATEST MATTERS

OF ISLAM

The Messenger of Allah ()1 said:

بُنِىَ الإِسْلامُ على خمسٍ: شهادةِ أَنْ لا إِلهَ إلا اللهُ

وأَنَّ مُحَمدًا رسولُ اللهِ، وإقامِ الصلاةِ، وإيتاءِ الزكاةِ، وَصَوْم رَمَضانَ، وَحَجّ البَيْتِ لِمَنْ استَطاعَ إِلَيْهِ سبيلاً . (رواهُ مسلمٌ)

Which means

The greatest matters of Islam are five:

1- Testifying that no one is God except Allah

and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah,

2- Performing Salah (Prayer),

3- Giving Zakah

4- Performing Hajj (Pilgrimage),

5-and Fasting Ramadan.

- Related by Imam Muslim

... TO KNOW BY HEART ...

Allahumma ^allimna ma yanfa^una,

اللهُمَّ عَلِّمْنَا مَا يَنْفَعُنَا,

wan fa^na bima ^allamtana,

وَانْفَعْنَا بِمَا عَلَّمْتَنَا,

wa zidna ^ilma.

وَزِدْنَا عِلْمًا.

_____________________________________________

Which means:

O Allah, help us learn what is beneficial to us,

help us benefit from what You have enabled us to learn,

and increase to our knowledge.


Lesson 3

ALLAH IS ONE, WITHOUT A PARTNER TO HIM

Allah is One, without a partner to Him.

Allah exists without a beginning or an end.

Allah does not have a wife.

Allah does not have a son or a daughter.

Allah does not have a father or a mother.

Allah does not have a brother or a sister.

Allah does not resemble us.

... TO KNOW BY HEART ...

La ilaha illallah

لا إلهَ إلا اللهُ

wahdahu la sharika lah.

وَحْدَهُ لا شَرِيكَ لَهُ.

La hawla wa la quwwata ‘illa billah.

لا حَوْلَ وَلا قُوَّةَ إلا باللهِ.

___________________________________________

Which means:

No one is God except Allah,

the One without a partner to Him.

Without Allah’s protection, no one can

avoid disobeying Him,

and without Allah’s help, no one has the strength

to obey Him.


Lesson 4

ALLAH IS THE LORD OF EVERYTYHING

Allah is my Lord and the Lord of my mother and my father.

Allah is the Lord of my brother and my sister.

Allah is the Lord of my teacher and my friends.

Allah is the Lord of the heavens and the Earth.

Allah is the Lord of everything.

I am a Muslim; I love Allah so much.

... TO KNOW BY HEART ...

Allahu-llahu Rabbi

اللهُ اللهُ رَبّـى

La ushriku bihi shay’a

لا أُشْرِكُ بِهِ شَيئاً

_____________________________________________

Which means:

Allah, Allah is my Lord.

I do not associate anything with Him.


Lesson 5

ALLAH IS THE CREATOR OF EVERYTHING

Allah created the first human from soil.

Allah created the angels from light.[6]

Allah created the jinn from fire.[7]

Allah created the heavens and made them the residence[8] of the angels.

Allah created the Earth and made it a residence for humans, jinn, and animals.

... TO KNOW BY HEART ...

قال اللهُ تعالى:

"اللهُ خالقُ كلّ شَىْ ءٍ"

سورة الرعد، ءاية 16

{ Allahu khaliqu kulli shay’ }

Surat ar-Ra^d, Ayah 16 means: [9]

Allah is the Creator of everything.

Questions:

1- From what did Allah create the first human?

2- From what did Allah create the angels?

3- From what did Allah create the jinn?


Lesson 6

ALLAH DOES NOT RESEMBLE ANYTHING

قال اللهُ تعالى:

لَيْسَ كَمِثْلِهِ شَىْءٌ

سورة الشورى، ءاية:11

{Laysa kamithlihi shay’}

Surat ash-Shura, Ayah 11 means:

Nothing resembles Him [Allah] in any way whatsoever.

_____________________________________________

Allah does not resemble the angels.

Allah does not resemble the humans.

Allah does not have a shape.

Allah does not have a color.

Allah does not resemble any of the creations.

... TO KNOW BY HEART ...

قَالَ الإمَامُ ذُو النُّونِ المِصْرِىُّ رَضِىَ اللهُ عَنْهُ::

مَهْمَا تَصَوَّرْتَ بِبَالِكَ،

فَاللهُ بِخِلافِ ذلِكَ

_____________________________________________

Which means:

Imam Dhun-Nun al-Misriyy, may Allah raise his rank, said:

“Whatever you imagine in your mind,

Allah is different from it.”


Lesson 7

ALLAH IS GREAT

Allah is alive and does not die.

Allah has power over everything.

Allah is the Owner of everything.

Allah knows everything.

Nothing is hidden from Allah.

... TO KNOW BY HEART ...

Hasbiyallah(u) حَسْبِىَ اللهُ،

la ilaha il la hu, لا إلهَ إلا هُوَ،

^alayhi tawakkalt(u), عَلَيْهِ تَوَكَّلْتُ،

wa Huwa Rabbul-^arshil-^adhim. وَ هُوَ رَبُّ العَرْشِ العَظِيم ِ

Which means:

Allah’s support suffices me.[10]

No one is God but Him.

On Him I rely, and

He is the Lord of the Grand ^Arsh.[11]


Lesson 8

ALLAH IS NOT A BODY

Allah sees without a pupil.

Allah hears without an ear.

Allah speaks without a tongue or lips.

Allah does not have organs.

Allah knows without a teacher.

Allah does not resemble anything,

and nothing resembles Him.

... TO KNOW BY HEART ...

Subhanallahi wa bi hamdih(i),

سُبْحَانَ اللهِ وَبِحَمْدِهِ

La quwwata illa billah

لاَ قُوَّةَ إلاَّ بِاللهِ

_____________________________________________

Which means:

I declare that Allah is clear of any imperfection.

I praise Allah and thank Him.

Without the help of Allah,

no one has the strength to obey Him.


Lesson 9

ALLAH EXISTS WITHOUT A PLACE

 

Allah exists without a place.

Allah does not resemble anything.

Allah does not need anything.

Allah is not a body.

Allah does not have organs.

Allah does not need a place.

Allah exists without a place.

... TO KNOW BY HEART ...

قَالَ سيّدُنَا عَلِىٌّ رَضِىَ اللهُ عَنْهُ:

Our Master ^Aliyy,[12] may Allah raise his rank, said:

Kanallahu wa la makan,

كَانَ اللهُ ولاَ مَكَانَ،

wa Huwal-ana ^ala ma ^alayhi kan.

وَهُوَ الآنَ عَلَى مَا عَلَيْهِ كَان.

_____________________________________________

Which means:

“Before creating the place,

Allah existed without a place,

and after He created the place,

Allah exists without a place.”


Lesson 10

SURAT AL-’IKHLAS

بِسْمِ الله الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ *

1- Bismillahir-Rahmanir-Rahim.

قُلْ هُوَ اللهُ أَحَدٌ *

2- Qul Huwallahu Ahad.

اللهُ الصَّمَدُ *

3- Allahus-Samad.

لَمْ يَلِدْ وَلَمْ يُولَدْ *

4- Lam yalid wa lam yulad.

وَلَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ كُفُوًا أَحَدٌ *

5- Wa lam yakul-lahu kufuwan ahad.

EXPLANATION:

In the name of Allah, the One Who is Merciful to the believers and non-believers in this world and the One Who is merciful to the believers only in the Hereafter.

Ayah #1 means: Allah is One without partner.

Ayah #2 means: Allah does not need anything and everything needs Allah.

Ayah #3 means: Allah does not have children and Allah does not have a mother or a father.

Ayah #4 means: No thing is similar or equal to Allah.

Questions:

1- What is the meaning of Ayah # 1?

2- What is the meaning of Ayah # 3?

3- What is the meaning of Ayah # 4?


Lesson 11

THE BEST OF THE DEEDS

Imam al-Bukhariyy related that the Messenger of Allah, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said:

أَفْضَلُ الأَعْمَالِ إِيمَانٌ باللهِ وَرَسُولِهِ.

Which means:

“The best of the deeds is the belief in Allah and His Messenger.”

Imam Malik, the son of Anas, related that the Messenger of Allah, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said:

أَفْضَلُ مَا قُلْتُ أَنَا والنَّبِيُّونَ مِنْ قَبْلِى لاَ إلهَ إلاَّ اللهُ

Which means:

“The best of what I and the prophets before me

said is:

‘No one is God except Allah.’”

... TO KNOW BY HEART ...

Allahumma shrah li sadri,

اللَّهُمَّ اشْرَحْ لِي صَدْري،

wa yassir li amri,

وَيَسِّر لِي أَمْرِي

wa thabbitni ^alal-‘iman

وَثَبِّتْنِي عَلَى الإِيمَان.

Which means:

O Allah, expand my chest

ease my matter, and

keep me firm on faith


Lesson 12

ISLAM IS MY RELIGION

قَالَ اللهُ تَعَالَى:

{إِنَّ الدّينَ عِنْدَ اللهِ الإسْلاَمُ}

سُورَةُ ءَالِ عِمْرَانَ، ءَايَة 19

{Innad-Dina ^indallahil-Islam}

Suratu Al ^Imran, Ayah 19 means:

[Certianly, the only religion accepted by Allah is Islam.]

Islam is the correct Religion.

Islam is the Religion of Muhammad, ^Isa (Jesus), and Musa (Moses), may peace be upon them.

Islam is the Religion of all the prophets.

The believers will have Paradise, and the blasphemers will have Hellfire.

I am a young Muslim, and I love the Religion of Islam.

TO KNOW BY HEART

Allahumma j^alni min ^ibadikas-salihin,

اللهُمَّ اجْعَلْني مِنَ عِبَادِكَ الصَّالِحِين

wa adkhilnil-jannata ma^al-‘awwalin.

وَأَدْخِلْنِي الجَنَّةَ مَع الأَوَّلِين

__________________________________________________

Which means:

O Allah, make me among Your pious slaves,

and admit me to Paradise with the forerunning Muslims


Lesson 13

ISLAM IS THE RELIGION OF ALL THE PROPHETS

All the prophets were Muslim.

All the prophets said,

{La ilaha illallah} لاَ إلهَ إلاَّ اللهُ

“No one is God except Allah.”

Our Master, Adam, may peace be upon him, was a Muslim prophet. He was the first of the prophets.

Our Master, Nuh (Noah), may peace be upon him, was a Muslim prophet.

Our Master, Ibrahim (Abraham), may peace be upon him, was a Muslim prophet.

Our Master, Muhammad, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, was a Muslim prophet. He was the last of the prophets.

I love all the prophets.

Questions:

1- Who was the first of the Prophets?

2- Who was the last of the Prophets?


 

Chapter of Acts of Worship



... ABOUT THE PRAYER (SALAH)...

**********************************************

The guardians must teach their children how to pray and order them to pray each prayer once they become seven lunar years old.

In the following lessons, an outline of the performance of the five prayers is given, mentioning both the required and some optional parts.

However, only the required (integral) parts of the wudu’ are outlined. The optional parts (Sunnah) are introduced in Book II of this series.

 


Lesson 1

INTEGRALS OF ABLUTION (WUDU’)

The integrals[13] of ablution are six:

1- The intention while washing the face.

2- Washing the whole face.

3- Washing the hands and forearms including the elbows.

4- Wet wipe part of the head.

5- Washing the feet to including the anklebones.

6- Performing these acts in the order mentioned.

... TO KNOW BY HEART ...

Allahumma j^alni minat-tawwabin

اللهُمَّ اجْعَلْني مِنَ التَّوَّابِين

wa j^alni minal-mutatahhirin

واجْعَلْنِي من المُتَطَهِّرينَ

Which means:

O Allah, make me among those who repent frequently, and

make me among those who purify themselves.


Lesson 2

THE INVALIDATORS OF ABLUTION (WUDU’)

There are matters that invalidate ablution (wudu), some of which are:

- Urinating, defecating, or passing gas.

- Sleeping on the side, back, or stomach.

If one of the above-mentioned matters occurs to a person, he must renew his ablution (wudu) before he prays.

... TO KNOW BY HEART ...

Al-hamdu lillahil-ladhi adh-haba ^annil-adha wa ^afani

الحَمْدُ للهِ الذي أَذْهَبَ عَنِّي الأَذَى وَعَافَانِي

Which means:

Praise and thanks to Allah who took away

the harm from me, and relieved me from it.


Lesson 3

CLEANING AFTER USING THE BATHROOM

After urinating, and when the urine completely stops, the person cleans himself by wiping the eliminatory outlet with tissue or the like. Then he pours water on the outlet. If the najas-filth is removed such that no color, taste, or odor remains, then the outlet becomes pure.

Similarly, after defecating, one wipes the eliminatory outlet with tissue or the like. Then he pours water with his right hand on the outlet, rubbing it with his left hand. If the najas-filth is removed such that no color, taste, or odor remains, then the outlet becomes pure.

One could use water only, and, in some cases, tissue only to remove najas-filth, however using both of them as mentioned before is better.

 


Lesson 4

THE FIVE PRAYERS

1- The Morning Prayer (Subh).

2- The Noon Prayer (Dhuhr).

3- The Mid-afternoon Prayer (^Asr).

4- The Sunset Prayer (Maghrib).

5- The Nightfall Prayer (^Isha’).

The Messenger of Allah, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam,[14] said:

قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم:

خَمْسُ صَلَوَاتٍ كَتَبَهُنَّ اللهُ على العِبَاد. رواهُ الإمامُ أحمد

Which means:

Allah made five prayers obligatory on the believers.”

(narrated by Imam Ahmad)
... TO KNOW BY HEART ...

اللهُمَّ اجْعَلْنِي مِنَ الذينَ يُقِيمُونَ الصَّلاةَ

Allahumma j^alni minalladhina yuqimunas-salah

_________________________________________

Which means:

O Allah, make me among those who perform Prayer.

 


Lesson 5

THE OPENING SUPPLICATION (DU^A’)

وَجَّهْتُ وَجْهِى للَّذىِ فَطَرَ السَّمَوَاتِ وَالأَرْضَ

حَنِيفاً مُسْلِماً، وَماَ أَناَ مِنَ المُشْرِكِينَ..

إِنَّ صَلاَتِى وَنُسُكِى وَمَحْياَىَ وَمَمَاتِى للهِ رَبّ العَالَمِينَ،

لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ. وَبِذَلِكَ أُمِرْتُ. وَأَناَ مِنَ المُسْلِمِينَ.

______________________________________

Wajjahtu wajhiya liladhi fataras-samawati wal-arda

hanifam muslima wa ma ana minal-mushrikin.

Inna salati wa nusuki wa mahyaya wa mamati lillahi

Rabbil-^alamin, la sharika lah.

Wa bidhalika umirt(u). Wa ana minal-muslimin.

The meaning of the opening supplication:

My worship is to the One Who created the heavens and Earth, avoiding the false religions, being a Muslim, and not among those who associate partners with Allah.

Surely, my prayer, my slaughter[15], my life, and my death belong to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds, Who has no partner.

With this I was ordered, and I am one of the Muslims.

... TO KNOW BY HEART ...

Allahumma bika asbahna, اللَّهُمّ بِكَ أَصْبَحْنَا

wa bika ‘amsayna, وَبِكَ أَمْسَيْنَا

wa bika nahya, وَبِكَ نَحْي

wa bika namut. وَبِكَ نَمُوتُ

_________________________________________

Which means:

O Allah, with Your Power we lived through to the morning,

and with Your Power we lived through to the evening.

With Your Power we live, and

with your Power we die.


Lesson 6

AL-FATIHAH

بسْمِ اللهِ الرحْمَنِ الرَّحِيم*1ِ

الحَمْدُ للهِ رَبّ العَالَمِينَ*2

الرَّحَمَنِ الرَّحِيم*3ِ

مَالِكِ يَوْمِ الدّين*4ِ

إيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وَإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِين*5ُ

اهْدِنَا الصّراطَ المُسْتَقِيم*6َ

صِراطَ الَّذينَ أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ

غَيْرِ المَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلا الضَّالين*7َ

Al-Fatihah

 

1- Bismillahir-Rahmanir-Rahim.

2- Al-hamdu lillahi Rabbil-^alamin.

3-Ar-Rahmanir-Rahim.

4- Maliki yawmid-din.

5-Iyyaka na^budu wa iyyaka nasta^in.

6-Ihdinas-siratal-mustaqim.

7-Siratal-ladhina an^amta ^alayhim,

ghayril-maghdubi ^alayhim, wa lad-dallin

MEANING OF AL-FATIHAH

1- I start my recitation with the Name of Allah,[16] Who is ar‑Rahman,[17] and ar-Rahim[18]

2- Praise and thanks to Allah, the Owner (Rabb) of the humans and jinn, for the givings He granted without Him being obligated to do so.

3- Allah is ar-Rahman and ar-Rahim.

4- Allah is the Owner of the Day of Judgment.

5- To You (Allah) only we dedicate worship, and from You (Allah) we seek help.

6- Keep us guided (firmly) on the Straight Path (Islam),

7- The Path of those upon whom You bestowed guidance--not the path of those whom You willed to punish, or the path of those who went astray.


Lesson 7

THE TASHAHHUD[19]

 

التَّحيَّاتُ المُبَارَكَاتُ, الصَّلَواتُ الطَّيّبَاتُ للهِ.

وَرَحْمَةُ اللهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ. السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ أَيُّها النَّبِيُّ

السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْنَا وَ عَلَى عِبَادِ اللهِ الصَّالِحِينَ

أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لا إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللهُ وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللهِ.

At-tahiyyatul-mubarakat(u), as-salawatut-tayyibatu lillah.

As-salamu ^alayka ayyohan-Nabiyyu wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh.

As-salamu ^alayna wa ^ala ^ibadillahis-salihin.

Ash-hadu al la ilaha illallah, wa ash-hadu anna Muhammadar-rasulullah.

MEANING OF THE TASHAHHUD

Allah owns all the blessed salutations, prayers, and the good deeds.

O Prophet of Allah, may the safety and the mercy of Allah and His blessing be upon you.

May the safety be upon us and upon the righteous slaves of Allah.

I testify that no one is God but Allah, and I testify that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.

... TO KNOW BY HEART ...

أَعُوذُ بِكَلِمَاتِ اللهِ التَّامَّاتِ مِنْ شَرِّ مَا خَلَقَ.

A^udhu bi kalimatillahit-tammati min sharri ma khalaq.

Which means:

I seek refuge, with the perfect words of Allah,

from the evil of what He (Allah) created.


Lesson 8

AS-SALAT-UL-IBRAHIMIYYAH

 

اللهُمَّ صَلّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وعَلَى ءَالِ مُحَمَّدٍ،

كَمَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَى إِبْراهِيمَ وعَلَى ءَالِ إِبْراهِيمَ،

إنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ.

اللهُمَّ بَارِكْ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وعَلَى ءَالِ مُحَمَّدٍ،

كَمَا بَارَكْتَ عَلَى إِبْراهِيمَ وعَلَى ءَالِ إِبْراهِيمَ،

إِنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ..

Allahumma salli ^ala Muhammad(iw), wa ^ala ali Muhammad,

Kama sallayta ^ala Ibrahim(a), wa ^ala ali Ibrahim, ‘innaka Hamidum Majid.

Allahumma barik ^ala Muhammad(iw), wa ^ala ali Muhammad,

Kama barakta ^ala Ibrahim(a), wa ^ala ali Ibrahim, innaka Hamidum Majid.

MEANING OF

AS-SALAT-UL-IBRAHIMIYYAH

O Allah, we ask You to raise the rank of Muhammad and have mercy upon the Al[20] of Muhammad,

As You raised the rank of Ibrahim and had mercy upon the Al of Ibrahim.

Surely, You are the One Who deserves to be praised and thanked, and the One Who is glorified.

O Allah, we ask You to bless Muhammad, and the Al of Muhammad,

As You blessed Ibrahim and the Al of Ibrahim.

Surely, You are the One Who deserves to be praised and thanked, and the One Who is glorified.

... TO KNOW BY HEART ...

اللهم عافني في بدني

Allahumma ^afini fi badani.

اللهم عافني في سمعي

Allahumma ^afini fi sam^i.

اللهم عافني في بصري

Allahumma ^afini fi basari.

Which means:

O Allah, strengthen my body.

O Allah, strengthen my hearing.

O Allah, strengthen my sight.


Lesson 9

THE SUPPLICATION (DU^A’) AT THE END OF PRAYER

Rabbana atina fid-dunya hasanah,

رَبَّنَا ءَاتِنِا فِى الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً

wa fil-akhirati hasanah,

وَفِى الآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً،

wa qina ^adhaban-nar.

وَقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ..

Rabbana la tuzigh qulubana ba^da idh hadaytana,

رَبَّنَا لاَ تُزِغْ قُلُوبَنَا بَعْدَ إذْ هَدَيْتَنَا،

wa hab lana milladunka rahmah.

وَهَبْ لَنَا مِنْ لَدُنْكَ رَحْمَةً.

Innaka antal-Wahhab.

إِنَّكَ أَنْتَ الوَهَّابُ..

MEANING OF THE SUPPLICATION

AT THE END OF THE PRAYER

O our Lord, grant us obeying You in this world, and grant us Paradise in the Hereafter, and protect us from the torture of Hellfire.

O our Lord, do not deviate our hearts after You have guided us, and grant us a mercy from You.

Surely, You are the One Who gives generously without being obligated to do so.

... TO KNOW BY HEART ...

Asbahna wa asbahal-mulku lilah,

أَصْبحْنَا وَأَصْبَحَ المُلْكُ للهِ،

wal-hamdu lillahi Rabbil-^alamin.

وَالحَمْدُ للهِ رَبّ العا لَمِين.َ

Which means:

We lived through to the morning, and the Worlds remain under the Dominion of Allah.

Praise and thanks to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds.


Lesson 10

HOW I PRAY THE DAWN PRAYER (Fajr)

I stand up facing the noble Qiblah.

I raise my hands to the level of my ears and say,

“Allahu akbar.[21]

اللهُ أَكْبَرُ

While I am saying ‘Allahu akbar’ out loud, I say in my heart,

“I now pray the obligatory Fajr Prayer.”[22]

I recite the opening supplication in a whisper. Then I recite the Fatihah and another Surah (chapter) of the Qur’an, even if it is a short chapter, out loud.

Then I say, “Allahu akbar” then bow (for ruku^)[23] and say, “Subhana Rabbiyal-^Adhim,”[24] three times.

سُبْحَانَ رَبّىَ العَظِيم

ِ

Then I straighten up from ruku^ (bowing) saying, “Sami^allahu liman hamidah[25] and when I am up I say, “Rabbana wa lakal-hamd.[26]

رَبَّنَا وَلَكَ الحَمْدُ سَمِعَ اللهُ لِمَنْ حَمِدَه

I say, “Allahu akbar,” then make sujud[27] (prostrate) and say,

Subhana Rabbiyal-A^la[28] three times.

سُبحَانَ رَبّى الأَعْلَى

I say, “Allahu akbar,” sit up, and say,

“Allahummaghfir li warhamni.[29]

اللهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لِى وَارْحَمْنِى

I say, “Allahu akbar,” make sujud (prostrate) a second time, and say,

“Subhana Rabbiyal-A^la three times.

سُبْحَانَ رَبّى الأَعْلَى

I say, “Allahu akbar” and stand up for the second rak^ah.[30] I do the second rak^ah like the first one, from the Fatihah until the second sujud (prostration).

After the second sujud (prostration), I sit and recite the Tashahhud and the Salatul-Ibrahimiyyah.

I turn my head towards the right and say,

“As-Salamu ^alaykum wa rahmatullah.[31]

السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمْ وَرَحْمَةُ اللهِ

Then I turn my head towards the left and say,

“As-Salamu ^alaykum wa rahmatullah.”

السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمْ وَرَحْمَةُ اللهِ


Lesson 11

HOW I PRAY THE NOON PRAYER (DHUHR)

I stand up facing the noble Qiblah.

I raise my hands to the level of my ears and say,

“Allahu akbar.[32]

اللهُ أَكْبَرُ

While I am saying “Allahu akbar” out loud, I say in my heart,

“I now pray the obligatory Dhuhr Prayer.”[33]

I recite the opening supplication in a whisper. Then I recite the Fatihah and another Surah (chapter) of the Qur’an, even if short, in a whisper.

Then I say, “Allahu akbar” then bow (for ruku^)[34] and say, “Subhana Rabbiyal-^Adhim,”[35] three times.

سُبْحَانَ رَبّىَ العَظِيم

Then I straighten up from ruku^ (bowing) saying, “Sami^allahu liman hamidah[36] and when I am up I say, “Rabbana wa lakal-hamd.[37]

رَبَّنَا وَلَكَ الحَمْدُ سَمِعَ اللهُ لِمَنْ حَمِدَه

I say, “Allahu akbar,” then make sujud[38] (prostrate) and say,

Subhana Rabbiyal-A^la[39] three times.

سُبحَانَ رَبّى الأَعْلَى

I say, “Allahu akbar,” sit up, and say,

“Allahumma ghfir li wa rhamni.[40]

اللهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لِى وَارْحَمْنِى

I say, “Allahu akbar,” make sujud (prostrate) a second time, and say, “Subhana Rabbiyal-A^la three times.

سُبْحَانَ رَبّى الأَعْلَى

I say, “Allahu akbar” and stand up for the second rak^ah.[41] I do the second rak^ah like the first one, from the Fatihah until the second sujud (prostration).

After the second sujud (prostration), I sit and recite the Tashahhud, then say “Allahumma salli ^ala Muhammad.”

اللهُمَّ صَلّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ

I stand up for the third rak^ah and I recite the Fatihah. Then I do as I did in the first rak^ah from ruku^ (bowing) to the second sujud (prostration).

Then I stand up for the fourth rak^ah and I do as I did in the third rak^ah from the Fatihah to the second sujud (prostration).

Then I sit and recite the Tashahhud, the Salatul-Ibrahimiyyah, and the supplication at the end of the prayer.

I turn my head towards the right and say,

“As-Salamu ^alaykum wa rahmatullah.[42]

السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمْ وَرَحْمَةُ اللهِ

Then I turn my head towards the left and say,

“As-Salamu ^alaykum wa rahmatullah.”

السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمْ وَرَحْمَةُ اللهِ


Lesson 12

HOW I PRAY THE MID-AFTERNOON PRAYER (^ASR)

I pray the ^Asr (Mid-Afternoon) Prayer exactly like the Dhuhr (Noon) Prayer except for the intention, which is: “I now pray the obligatory ^Asr Prayer.”[43]


Lesson 13

HOW I PRAY THE SUNSET PRAYER (MAGHRIB)

I stand up facing the noble Qiblah.

I raise my hands to the level of my ears and say,

“Allahu akbar.

اللهُ أَكْبَرْ.

While I am saying “Allahu akbar” out loud, I say in my heart, “I now pray the obligatory Maghrib Prayer.[44]

I do the first and second rak^ahs like the first and second rak^ahs of the Subh (morning) Prayer.

However, after the second sujud (prostration) of the second rak^ah, I sit and recite the Tashahhud, then say,

“Allahumma salli ^ala Muhammad.”

اللهُمَّ صَلّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ

I say, “Allahu akbar” and stand up for the third rak^ah, which I do like the other rak^ahs, except while standing I only recite the Fatihah in a whisper, and continue the rest until the second sujud.

After the second sujud (prostration) in the third rak^ah, I sit and recite the Tashahhud, the Salatul-Ibrahimiyyah and the supplication at the end of the prayer.

I turn my head towards the right and say,

“As-Salamu ^alaykum wa rahmatullah.[45]

السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمْ وَرَحْمَةُ اللهِ

Then I turn my head towards the left and say,

“As-Salamu ^alaykum wa rahmatullah.”

السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمْ وَرَحْمَةُ اللهِ


Lesson 14

HOW I PRAY THE NIGHTFALL PRAYER (^ISHA’)

I pray the ^Isha (Nightfall) Prayer like the Dhuhr (Noon) Prayer, except I say in my intention:

“I now pray the obligatory ^IshaPrayer.”[46]

Then, I recite the Fatihah and the Surah (chapter) of the Qur’an out loud in the first and second rak^ahs.

However, in the third and fourth rak^ahs, I recite the Fatihah in a whisper, just like in the Dhuhr Prayer.

... TO KNOW BY HEART ...

Allahumma j^al awwala hadhan-nahari salaha,

اللَّهُمَّ اجْعَلْ أَوَلَ هَذَا النَّهَارِ صَلاحَاً،

Wa awsatahu najaha,

وَأَوْسَطَهُ نَجَاحاً،

wa akhirahu falaha,

وَءَاخِرَهُ فَلاحَاً.

ya arhamar-rahimin.

يَا أَرْحَمَ الرَّاحِمِينَ.

Which means:

O Allah, make the beginning of this day good,

its middle successful,

and its end prosperous,

O the Most Merciful.

Chapter of

Islamic Manners




Lesson 1

AMONG THE TRAITS OF THE GOOD MUSLIM

The Muslim recites the Qur’an.

The Muslim loves his Muslim parents and respects them.

The Muslim treats well those who treat him well and those who do not.

The Muslim helps the poor and the orphans.

The Muslim honors his guest and treats his neighbor with kindness.

The Muslim does not steal.

The Muslim does not hit a Muslim unjustly.

The Muslim does not insult a Muslim unjustly.

The Muslim does not drink alcohol.

The Muslim does not use drugs.


Lesson 2

ISLAMIC MANNERS

When I wake up in the morning I say:

Asbahna wa asbahal-mulku lillah(i), wal-hamdu lillahi Rabbil-^alamin.

أَصْبحْنَا وَأَصْبَحَ المُلْكُ للهِ، وَالحَمْدُ للهِ رَبّ العا لَمِينَ

“We lived through to the morning and the Worlds remain under the Dominion of Allah. Praise and thanks to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds.”

Before sleeping I say:

Amsayna wa amsal-mulku lillah, wal-hamdu lillahi Rabbil-^alamin.

أَمْسَيْنا وَأَمْسَى المُلْكُ للهِ، وَالحَمْدُ للهِ رَبّ العا لَمِينَ

“We lived through to the evening and the Worlds remain under the Dominion of Allah. Praise and thanks to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds.”

Before starting to eat and drink I say:

Bismillah.

بسم الله

“I eat and drink with the Name of Allah.”

After finishing eating and drinking I say:

Al-hamdu lillahilladhi at^ama wa saqa wa sawwaghahu wa ja^ala lahu makhraja.

الحمدُ للهِ الذِى أَطْعَمَ وَسَقى وَسَوَّغَهُ وَجَعَلَ لَهُ مَخْرَجاً

“Praise and thanks to Allah, who gave me food and drink, made them easy to swallow, and created an exit for them.”


Lesson 3

OBEDIENCE TO PARENTS

Allah, ta^ala, said:

وَبِالْوَالِدَيْنِ إِحْسَانًا

Surat al-Baqarah, Ayah 83 means:

[And be benevolent to the parents.]

Allah, ta^ala, said:

فَلاَ تَقُلْ لَهُمَا أُفّ وَلاَ تَنْهَرْهُمَا وَقُلْ لَهُمَا قَوْلاً كَرِيماً

Surat al-’Isra’, Ayah 23 means:

[Do not say “’uff[47] to them and do not talk harshly to them, but instead speak to them in a good and gentle manner.]

The Muslim deals with his parents politely and respectfully.

The Muslim does not raise his voice in the face of his mother and father. The Muslim does not lie to his parents.

ASKING ALLAH

Rabbi ghfir li wa li walidayya, wa rhamhuma kama rabbayani saghira

رَبّ اغْفِرْ لِى وَلِوَالِدَىّ َوّ َارْحَمْهُمَا

كَمَا رَبَّيَانِى صَغِيرًا.

_________________________________________

Which means:

O, my Lord forgive me and my Muslim parents

and have mercy upon them,

as they raised me when I was young.


Lesson 4

GOOD TREATMENT

The Muslim loves the Muslims.

When the Muslim meets his Muslim brother, he says to him:

“As-salamu ^alaykum”

السَّلامُ عَلَيْكُمْ

The Muslim brother responds with:

Wa ^alaykumu s-salamu wa rahmatullah.

وَعَلَيكُمُ السَّلامُ وَرَحمَةُ اللهِ

The Muslim treats the Muslims gently and politely. If his Muslim brother treated him well, he says, “May Allah bless you”, or

Barakallahu fik.”

بَارَكَ اللهُ فِيكَ

or “May Allah give you good things,”

Ahsanallahu ‘ilayk.”

أَحْسَنَ اللهُ إِلَيكَ

or “May Allah reward you with good things,

Jazakallahu khayra.”

جَزَاكَ اللهُ خَيْراً


Lesson 5

THE EXCELLENCE OF THE MOSQUES

The Messenger of Allah, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said:

خَيْرُ بِقَاعِ الأَرْضِ المَسَاجِدُ.

رواه مسلم

<<The best of the places on Earth are the mosques.>>

Related by Imam Muslim.

Muslims pray the five prayers in the mosques.

Muslims become acquainted with each other in the mosques and thereby love each other.

Allah loves the mosques, as do the prophets and the righteous Muslims.

NOTES:

It was decided to put the condensed Arabic “symbol” that says “sallallhu ^alayhi wa sallam” after every appearance of the name of the Prophet. But after the first such insertion, we will put a footnote that includes the transliteration and the English translation of what it means. Then every time the symbol appears thereafter, we will put a footnote refer back to the original footnote for the explanation.



[1] (Symbol) or Sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam means: “May Allah raise his rank and protect his nation from

that which he feared for it.”

[2] The Ka^bah is the structure in the Holy Mosque of Makkah, built first by Prophet Adam in obedience to Allah.

[3] The Qiblah is the place we direct ourselves towards during our prayer, which is the Ka^bah.

[4] Testify means to know, believe, and declare.

[5] “To Know by Heart” comprises statements chosen from the Qur’an, sayings uttered by Prophet Muhammad and by great scholars of Islam.

[6] The angels are honorable creations of Allah. They are neither male nor female. They are all Muslim, obeying Allah.

[7] Some jinn are Muslim and others are non-Muslim. The non-Muslim jinn are the devils who incite humans to disobey their Creator. Hence, they are our enemies.

[8] A lot of angels live in the heavens, while some are with us here on Earth. Humans, jinn, and animals live on Earth.

[9] A Surah is a chapter of the Qur’an. An Ayah is a verse of the Qur’an.

[10] Every need of the person which is satisfied, is satisfied by Allah.

[11] The ^Arsh is a platform with pillars; it is the largest body that Allah created. Moreover, it is the ceiling of Paradise.

[12] Our Master ^Aliyy is the Companion, cousin, and son-in-law of Prophet Muhammad.

[13]The Integrals are those actions that are required for the validity of the wudu. The Sunnah or optional actions are discussed in Book II.

[14] Sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam means: May Allah raise the rank of Prophet Muhammad and protect his nation from what he fears for them.

[15] Slaughter in this supplication means the Islamic religious sacrifice performed during the Hajj

[16] Allah is the name of the Creator, which means the One Who has the power to create things.

[17] Ar-Rahman is a name of Allah which means the One Who is Merciful to both Muslims and non-Muslims in this life.

[18] Ar-Rahim is a name of Allah which means the One Who is Merciful to Muslims only in the Hereafter.

[19] This dhikr is called the Tashahhud, because it includes saying the Shahadah.

[20] Al here means the pious believers from the nation of Prophet Muhammad.

[21] Allahu akbar means Allah is greater in status and rank than anything else.

[22] The Subh Prayer is the obligatory Dawn Prayer and is composed of two rak^ahs.

[23] Ruku^ is a position in prayer where one bows until the palms could reach the knees.

[24] Subhana Rabbiyal‑^Adhim means: I praise my Lord, the Great One.

[25] Sami^allahu liman hamidah means: Allah accepts the praises and thanks from the believer to Him.

[26] Rabbana wa lakal-hamd means: O our Lord, the praise and thanks are due to You.

[27] Sujud is a position in the prayer performed by putting part of one’s forehead, knees, bottom of toes, and palms on the ground.

[28] Subhana Rabbiyal-’A^la means: Praise to my Lord, the highest in status and rank.

[29] Allahummaghfir li warhamni means: O Allah, forgive me and have mercy upon me.

[30] A rak^ah is a cycle of sayings and actions. Each prayer is composed of a certain number of rak^ahs.

[31] As-Salamu ^alaykum wa rahmatullah means: May the peace and mercy of Allah be upon you.

[32] Allahu akbar means Allah is greater in status and rank than anything else.

[33] The Dhuhr Prayer is the obligatory Noon Prayer and is composed of four rak^ahs.

[34] Ruku^ is a position in prayer where one bows until the palms could reach the knees.

[35] Subhana Rabbiyal‑^Adhim means: I praise my Lord, the Great One.

[36] Sami^allahu liman hamidah means: Allah accepts the praises and thanks from the believer to Him.

[37] Rabbana wa lakal-hamd means: O our Lord, the praise and thanks are due to You.

[38] Sujud is a position in the prayer performed by putting part of one’s forehead, knees, bottom of toes, and palms on the ground.

[39] Subhana Rabbiyal-’A^la means: Praise to my Lord, the highest in status and rank.

[40] Allahummaghfir li warhamni means: O Allah, forgive me and have mercy upon me.

[41] A rak^ah is a cycle of sayings and actions. Each prayer is composed of a certain number of them.

[42] As-Salamu ^alaykum wa rahmatullah means: May the peace and mercy of Allah be upon you.

[43] The ^Asr Prayer is the obligatory Mid-Afternoon Prayer and is composed of four rak^ahs.

[44] The Maghrib Prayer is the obligatory Sunset Prayer and is composed of three rak^ahs.

[45] As-Salamu ^alaykum wa rahmatullah means: May the peace and mercy of Allah be upon you.

[46] The ^IshaPrayer is the obligatory Nightfall Prayer and is composed of four rak^ahs.

[47] Saying “`uff’ expresses being fed up.