Bismillah, praise be to Allah the creator of all the creations, who is eternal and exists without a place, we ask Allah to raise the rank of Prophet Muhammad and his kind Aal and companions, thereafter:
Know that the creed of all Muslims of Ahlus-Sunnah (the Khalaf and Salaf) is that Allah is clear from any imperfections, clear from being in a place or sitting on the throne or bound to space or place.
Imam Abu Hanifah who is among the Salaf said in his book, al-Wasiyyah,: " ... and He (Allah) is the
Preserver of al^arsh (throne) and other than al-^arsh, without needing it, for
had He been in need, He would not have the power to create the world
and to manage and preserve it. Moreover, had He been in a place needing
to sit and rest before creating al-^arsh, where was Allah?" That is,
the question 'where was Allah' would have applied to Him, which is
Also, in his book, Al-Fiqh al-Absat, Imam Abu Hanifah said: "Allah existed eternally and there was no place; He existed before creating the creation. He existed and there was not a place, a creation or a thing; and He is the Creator of everything. He who says 'I do not know if my Lord is in the heavens or on the earth,' is a kafir. Also is a kafir whoever says that 'He is on al-^arsh, and I do not know whether al-^arsh is in the heaven or on the earth'."
Consequently, the great true Salafi Scholar Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal declared whomever says these last two phrases as a Kafir because they contain attributing a direction, boundary, and place to Allah. Everything which has a direction and boundary is by necessity in need of a Creator. Thus it is not the intention of Imam Abu Hanifah to prove that the heaven and al-^arsh are places for Allah, as those who liken Allah to the creation claim. This is by virtue of the aforementioned saying of the Imam: "Had He been in a place needing to sit and rest, then before creating al-^arsh where was Allah?", which is clear in negating that Allah has a direction or a place.
Imam Ibn Al-Jawziyy al-Hanbaliy the great Mufassir related in his book 'Daf^ Shubhatit-Tashbih' that: "Imam Ahmad Ibn Hambal (died 241 AH) never attributed directionality to Allah."
And so Imam Ahmad Ibn Salamah, Abu Ja^far at-Tahawiyy, who was born in the year 237 after Hijrah, and was one of the Heads of Great Salaf wrote a book called Al-^Aqidah atTahawiyyah. He mentioned that the content of his book is an elucidation of the creed of Ahl asSunnah wal Jama^ah, which is the creed of Imam Abu Hanifah, who died in the year 150 after alHijrah, and his two companions, Imam Abu Yusuf al-Qadi and Imam Muhammad Ibn alHasan ash-Shaybaniyy and others. He said in his book: "Allah is supremely clear of all boundaries, extremes, sides, organs and instruments. The six directions do not contain Him--these are attributed to all created things."
Such is the saying of Imam Abu Ja^far who is among the heads of as-Salaf. He explicitly stated that Allah is clear of being contained by the six directions. The six directions are above, below, in front of, behind, right, and left.
Also Imam al-Ghazaliyy said: " Allah, the Exalted, existed eternally and there was no place. He is not a body, jawhar (atom), or property, and He is not on a place or in a place."
This is the creed of the Prophet and the companions (Radiallahu ^Anhum) we ask Allah to keep us steadfast on it, ameen.
Allah, the most exalted, knows best.