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Qquestion:

As-Salamu Alaykum brothers,

I've been praying for many years alhamdulillah. But how can I pray at Work when washrooms are not clean to do wudu'? is it ok to delay all my salat prayers until I get back home? and do I have to pray the sunnah prayers?

 

Answer:

Dear Brothers and Sisters, Allah made it obligatory upon us to pray wherever we are, even at work, on the street, at the park, at the gym, during games, at school or university. There are no exemptions.

Do not be deceived by the devil. Even if you have to do wudu’ at work, you do not start assuming that there is najasah-filth here and there. If you see the najasah-filth with you own eyes, then avoid it, if you don’t then you assume nothing is there. Do your wudu’ and pray anywhere at work, the condition is that when praying, your body parts do not touch any najasah-filth (Najsah is such as urine, defecation, and blood). Dirt, soil, dust and such is not najasah-filth so don’t delay your prayer, pray in the due times. Delaying them without an Islamic excuse is sinful (Haram), and one is still obligated to make them up Qada'.

It’s not an obligation to pray the Sunnah prayers (Rawatib) before and after the five obligatory prayers. They are optionally recommended to perform, including Witr which is after the Isha’ night prayer. Not praying the Sunnah is not sinful, but one loses a great deal of reward for not praying them.

We pray to obey and thank Allah for all the endowments he gave us. Allah does not benefit from our prayer, nor does he get harmed by us not praying, Allah is clear from emotions, change and development. But if you pray, you will earn reward and acceptance from Allah, and if one does not pray without an Islamic excuse, then one will deserve punishment if one died un-forgiven.

* An excuse for not praying would be for the women in menses or post-partum bleeding, they are exempted from praying while in that state of impurity, until the bleeding terminates, then they must take the obligatory bath (Ghusul) and pray. They are not obligated to make up the missed prayers due to the menses or postpartum bleeding.

 

Allah ta^ala said:

يَمُنُّونَ عَلَيْكَ أَنْ أَسْلَمُواْ قُل لاَّ تَمُنُّواْ عَلَىَّ إِسْلَـٰمَكُمْ بَلِ ٱللَّهُ يَمُنُّ عَلَيْكُمْ أَنْ هَداكُمْ لِلإِيمَـٰنِ إِنُ كُنتُمْ صَـٰدِقِينَ

This Ayah means: {They deem their outwardly submission to Allah a favour unto you (Muhammad). Say: Deem it not a favour unto me and know, if you are sincere and truthful, that Allah did bestow a great favour of guiding some of you to the true Faith}

So thank Allah, dear brothers, for He has bestowed great endowments upon you and guided you to the right path, and the greatest endowment of all is the endowment of Islam. Moreover, Allah has made you the best nation brought to people and ordained upon you clear and great acts of worship.

The five prayers are among the best acts of worship that Muslims perform. Performing them is the best deed after having the correct belief in Allah and His Messenger. Prophet Muhammad, may Allah raise his rank, was asked what is the best deed and he replied: it is performing the obligatory prayers at the beginning of their setting times (al-Bayhaqiyy):

When we say “prayers” we are referring to an act of worship with a specific format that God revealed to Prophet Muhammad, may Allah raise his rank. All prophets from Adam to Muhammad, may Allah raise their rank, ordered their followers to pray as per God’s orders.

Since the prayer is the most important matter of Islam after having the correct belief in God and His Messenger, one must plan his life around the prayer. It would be a great sin to neglect praying when at work if a prayer was required at that time. If a believer is shopping or waiting at the airport and there is no way to get home or to a mosque, he is still obligated to perform the prayer within its due time instead of purposely leaving it out or delaying it. This indicates the importance of the obligatory prayer. Performing the obligatory prayer on time takes priority over other non-obligatory matters.

Allah ta^ala said:

حافظوا على الصَّلوَات

which means: {Keep steadfast to Performing the [five obligatory] prayers} (al-Baqarah, 238).

Also The Messenger of Allah said: “There are five prayers that Allah ordained as an obligation upon the slaves to perform. Allah promised whoever performs them properly without belittling their obligation, to be admitted into Paradise without prior torture. Whoever leaves them out does not have that promise and in accordance with Allah’s Will, that person may be tortured or forgiven”. Narrated by Ahmad in his Musnad.

It is obligatory to perform each of these five prayers in its due time. However, it is better and more rewardable to perform each prayer straight after its setting time.

Brothers and sisters in Islam,

Prayer is one of the greatest means of securing piece of mind and of eradicating crime. It is also the most effective means of teaching chastity and virtue.

Allah said in Surat-ul-^Ankabut:

وَأَقِمِ ٱلصَّلَوٰةَ إِنَّ ٱلصَّلَوٰةَ تَنْهَىٰ عَنِ ٱلْفَحْشَاء وَٱلْمُنْكَرِ

Which means: {And perform the prayer regularly for prayer restrains from unlawful and unjust deeds}

Prayer is the gateway to success and prosperity, it is among the first of deeds one is questioned about on the Day of Judgment. Performing the prayer consistently symbolises honesty and truthfulness and maintaining it leads to victory, forgiveness and enlightenment on the Day of Judgement. On the other hand, neglecting the prayer is a sign of humiliation, for the one who neglects it will be assembled with Qarun, Pharoah, Haman and Ubayy Ibn Khalaf because of the magnitude of one’s sin.

Prayer is full of blessings, mercies, and merits; it also raises one’s rank and increases one’s reward. Prophet Muhammad said: "If one is dwelling next to a running river where one is bathing five times a day, would one have any dirt left on his body?" the Companions said: “He wouldn’t”, then the Prophet said: "That is the example of the five obligatory prayers, whoever performs them wins Allah’s forgiveness of minor sins ".

In the end, we ask Allah to make us among those who properly and regularly perform the five obligatory prayers in their due time with complete devotion, concentration and humbleness. Ameen.