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Question:

What is the purpose of mutashabih verses?

 

Answer:

The Mutashabih verses in al-Qur'an have "I^jaz", which makes the Qur'an a Miracle. That's why the Arabic language is rich, and the our unlettered Prophet  Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) challenged the kuffar of Quraysh who were eloquent in Arabic, they could not bring one verse similar to the Qur'an. Had they been able to do so, they would have done so and avoided all the bloodshed. The eloquence of the Qur'an is beyond your imagination.

We have few topics about Mutashabi, so please make use and benefit of them.

Ta'weel - Understanding the Muhkam and Mutashabih Qur'an Verses

What did Salaf say about the Verses of al-Qur'an that are Mutashabihat?

The Quran Verses - Muhkamat Ayat & Mutashabihat Ayat

 

Allah ta^ala said:

(هو الذى أَنزلَ عليكَ الكتابَ منه ءاياتٌ محكماتٌ هنَّ أمُّ الكتاب وأُخَرُ متشابهات

فأما الذين في قلوبهم زيغ فيتبعون ما تشابه منه ابتغاء الفتنة وابتغاء تأويله

وما يعلم تأويله إلا الله والراسخون في العلم

يقولون ءامنا به كل من عند ربنا وما يذّكر إلا أولوا الألباب)


Allah said in the Qur'an:Surat Al-^Imran, ayah 7 means: [Allah is the One Who has sent down to the Prophet the Book that contains muhkamat ayat, which are the foundation of the Book, and other ayat which are mutashabihat.] So, know firmly, that the Qur'an contains two types of ayat:

The Muhkam Ayah: A verse that has one clear meaning. Like {Laysa Kamithlihi Shay'}
The Mutashabih Ayah: A verse that can have many meanings. Like: {Allahu Nurus-Samawati wal-'Ard}